Thursday, May 21, 2015

Finding Bird's Foot Violets at Pineries Open Space

CNHP staff botanists Pam Smith and Bernadette Kuhn recently conducted rare plant surveys at Pineries Open Space outside of Colorado Springs. Judy von Ahlefeldt, a Black Forest local, organized the survey in an effort to document populations of the rare bird’s foot violet (Viola pedatifida). The property is owned by El Paso County, and County officials plan to remove hazard trees that were burned during the 2013 Black Forest Fire. The goal of this project is to help El Paso County staff identify the locations of rare plants so they can be avoided during the tree removal process. After a day of surveying, our group of eight volunteers and botanists discovered 52 bird’s foot violets.

Bird's foot violet (Viola pedatifida) is a tallgrass prairie plant. Colorado populations represent the far western edge of the species' range. The destruction of native tallgrass prairie and woodlands is a major threat to this species. 
Our group takes a lunch break among burned ponderosa pine trees at Pineries Open Space. The area was burned in the 2013 Black Forest Fire.
We surveyed for bird’s foot violets along two ephemeral streams that are tributaries of Black Squirrel Creek. The streams were swollen with recent rainfall, and we spotted a large Woodhouse’s toad and heard chorus frogs calling loudly all morning. More rare plant surveys are scheduled at Pineries Open Space this summer. If you are interested in volunteering at Pineries Open Space, feel free to contact CNHP.

We spotted this adult Woodhouse's toad hopping along the forest floor. Woodhouse's toads are common in Eastern Colorado in non-forested areas, and are less frequently seen in ponderosa pine habitats.

Wednesday, May 13, 2015

CNHP Travels to Traverse City, Michigan for Biodiversity Without Boundaries Conference

CNHP Botanist Pam Smith, along with CNHP Director David Anderson attended the Biodiversity Without Boundaries Conference this year. The conference was from April 25-30, in Traverse City, Michigan. Pam and Dave went on a field trip to see vernal pools. The trip was led by Yu Man Lee and Peter Badra from the Michigan Natural Features Inventory. We visited two vernal pools, from which Yu Man and Peter netted some amazing creatures, including fairy shrimp. We were just in time to see the fairy shrimp, as adults can only be seen in the vernal pools for three weeks of the year. They emerge early to avoid predation, and lay eggs which can persist through complete drying of the pool until the following spring. The presence of fairy shrimp can be an indicator of a healthy vernal pool ecosystem.

Fairy shrimp from a vernal pool in Michigan.

A vernal pool in Michigan in early spring that contains dense leaf litter. The litter provides important habitat for fairy shrimp, as well as salamander and frog egg masses.
CNHP’s former Director, Chris Pague, won the NatureServe Network Alumni of the year award this year! We are so happy for Chris, who is one of the most enthusiastic, knowledgeable, and effective advocates for biodiversity.

Our good friends at the Nevada Natural Heritage Program won this year’s Collaboration and Mentoring Award, and it was fun to celebrate their achievement and contributions to the NatureServe Network.

Kristin Szabo (Director, middle of photo) and former director Jennifer Newmark (far right) from the Nevada Natural Heritage Program accept the Collaboration and Mentoring Award from NatureServe director Mary Klein (far left).

Friday, May 8, 2015

Graduating CSU Seniors Reflect on Their Work Experiences at CNHP

Lindsey Power and Claire Tortorelli, two CSU seniors and CNHP student employees, are graduating this month. They both took a little time to write a post that captures their experiences working at CNHP. We consider ourselves lucky to have been able to work with these two talented students. Good luck out there Lindsey and Claire! You will be missed.

Reflections By Lindsey Power

Working with the Colorado Natural Heritage Program during my senior year at CSU proved to be a unique and rewarding experience, both personally and professionally as I move forward to the next steps in my career. When I heard Dave Anderson, the director for CNHP speak at one of the Society for Conservation Biology meetings, the program instantly caught my attention. I was a junior at the time, and beginning to think about topics to write my senior honors thesis on. What caught my attention when I first heard about the CNHP was their commitment to learning as much as possible about rare species and applying this science to concrete management goals and actions.

Lindsey Power, pictured here, recently completed an honor's thesis on Sandhill Crane wetland habitat quality in Colorado.
As a wildlife biology student, most of my classes at CSU have been centered on research. Even my previous work-study at the US Forest Service was centered on a long-term research project. While I absolutely love learning as much as possible about the natural world around us, I have come to realize that without reaching out to people, interacting, and actively getting involved in the fight for conservation, not much change can happen. I wanted to do more for my thesis than a literature review, and I wanted it to make at least a little difference. This was the opportunity that CNHP gave me, both as a work-study student, and as an honors student writing a thesis. Being involved with CNHP gave me the opportunity to see the inside-workings of collaboration as well as personal achievement through being part of discussions, working with data analysis and input, and formulating my own ways to complete projects.

When I started working with CNHP at the beginning of the academic year, I was not entirely sure what to expect or where it would take me. In fact, there were many instances during my two last semesters when I had no idea what I was doing. I think this added, rather than detracted from my experience, and taught me that it is OK to not always know what to do. It was through my confusion that I have met so many wonderful people along the CNHP hallway in the General services building with passions and goals similar to my own; always willing to help, always interested in current tasks, and always building community with one another.

My senior honors thesis titled “Assessing wetland habitat quality for Sandhill Cranes (Grus canadensis) in Colorado” took up much of my time at CNHP. Joanna Lemly and Laurie Gilligan, wetland ecologists at the CNHP asked me if I would like to evaluate their process of assessing habitat quality for CPW’s priority species. Because of my interest in ecosystem dynamics, and in particular wetland dynamics, I happily accepted this challenge. Almost immediately, I dove into the data that the wetland team, very graciously, shared with me, and began to analyze the types of habitat variables necessary for one particular priority species (the Sandhill crane) to occur in Colorado. After reading many scientific journals, manuscripts, reports, and lists of facts about wetlands and the Sandhill crane, I began revising some of the data to try to determine the most important habitat variables and ways that managers could apply restoration and conservation actions. After making graphs and tables, and running a few statistical analyses on the summary data, I was able to pick out the aspects that seemed most important, as well as provide feedback on the entire evaluation process. My work on this thesis constitutes only a fraction of the analyses that the wetland team has done, but I hope that it can be used for future analyses of wetland habitat quality for other priority species. This project was challenging and very rewarding, and will be a great experience to bring into my future career.

Illustration of a Sandhill Crane, drawn by Lindsey Power.
During my CNHP work study position, not only did I learn so much more about Colorado’s wetlands and wetland conservation efforts than what any class could offer, but I also experienced what it is like to be totally integrated in research and conservation. I learned how to formulate questions, hypotheses, suggestions, and critiques independently, and then apply them to my work and research. Most importantly, I think, I scratched the surface on just how challenging a career in conservation will be. Yet far from being discouraged, working with the CNHP has empowered me to endeavor in a career in which promoting education about the beauty and importance of the natural world will be my primary goal. It will always be challenging, and there will be many cases where I won’t know what to do. But if there is a community anything like the one at the CNHP, I will be able to face any difficulty and walk away with new knowledge and experiences and a smile.

Reflections By Claire Tortorelli

As a young child, I was determined to be a Scientific Illustrator when I “grew up”.I knew, even then, in order to be happy I must spend my time working in close association with the natural world. Now, I have discovered far more possibilities than my six-year-old self could ever have dreamed of. As a Forestry student at Colorado State University, I am constantly exposed to new ways to become involved in conserving the environment.Although college graduation is just around the corner, and the “real world” is beckoning, I still find myself exploring on hands and knees with hand lens at the ready, wondering, just as I did when I was six.

Claire Tortorelli and Dusty Gannon geek out with their hand lenses.
I can vividly recall sitting in one of those large lecture halls on Colorado State University’s campus, listening, intently I’m sure, to Jennifer Ackerfield lecture on my favorite subject, Plant Identification.It was this one specific day that caught my attention.Dave Anderson was just about to present a guest lecture on rare plant classification and the Colorado Natural Heritage Program (CNHP).After handing out plant guide freebies and prompting many laughs from the class, he made an announcement encouraging students interested in plant identification to apply to intern for the Colorado Natural Heritage Program.The very next day I knocked on his office door. To my surprise and great gratification, he offered me a position as an intern, working under Laurie Gilligan in the Wetland Ecology office.I was ecstatic for the opportinutiy to apply my small set of skills acquired in Ackerfield’s class to “real world” scenarios.

Now, almost three years later, I can hardly believe the diversity of experiences I have gained and the wonderful people I have had the opportunity to meet.As an intern for the CNHP, I have been exposed to a wide range of valuable skills, each one applied to a multi-faceted project. Identifying hundreds of pressed plant specimens, using ArcGIS to create maps, prepping summer field gear, entering data, and editing field guides are just a handful of the tasks that have occupied my time at the CNHP. The skills that I have acquired and the tightly knit community that I have become involved with over the years have allowed me to pursue opportunities that I never would have believed possible. Last summer, I was fortunate enough to have been chosen for a botany field crew surveying the diverse plants of the remote Yukon Charley National Park and Preserve, Alaska.This incredible experience tested nearly every aspect of my physical and mental abilities. It was only because of my involvement with the CNHP that I was even considered for the position, and that I was able to keep my head afloat amidst the millions of mosquitos and hundreds of identified plants.

Claire Tortorelli samples a vegetation plot in Alaska. 
Not only has the Colorado Natural Heritage Program granted me a much improved skill set, a student job, summer employment, and a place in a delightfully welcoming community of nature-lovers, but my time at the CNHP has allowed me to grow as an individual.  Like many students entering University, I had a very vague and scattered idea of what I wanted to do with my life.  Although I am still unsure of exactly what I want to do or where I want to be, I now have a much more focused idea of the variety of work I would like to be involved with and the type of community I would like to be a member of.  The people here have taught me that I never have to let go of that sense of wonder and enthusiasm that I had as a child. I cannot thank the wonderful people of the Colorado Natural Heritage Program enough for all of their kind words and support in preparing me for life post-graduation.

In keeping with a long line of CNHP field botanists, Claire Tortorelli gets excited about a pinecone.

Friday, April 24, 2015

Black Bear Safety Tips

By Alyssa Meier, CSU Wildlife Biology Undergraduate and CNHP Student Intern

Spring is here, and with warming temperatures, black bears are emerging from winter hibernation. Black bears can spend up to twenty hours a day covering numerous miles of ground in searching for food, which can lead to some surprising encounters.
Young black bear snoozing in tree.
Here are some tips on what to do if you see a bear:
  • Stay calm. The bear is probably just as shocked as you are.
  • Stop and back away slowly. Sudden movements are often perceived as aggressive and can cause the bear to act defensively in response.
  • No eye contact. Directly looking at bears is seen as a challenge.
  • Speak quietly. Loud noises are perceived as aggressive.
  • Don’t run. Running triggers an automatic predator response in the bears and they will see you as some pretty slow prey.

Bears are very capable climbers and often seek refuge from threats in trees.
Bears are naturally inquisitive creatures. Some encounters occur because the bear is just curious about what’s going on in the area. The behavior of the bear is indicative of the bear’s intentions.

Here are some common bear behaviors:
  • If a bear is sitting or moving away this is often a neutral behavior. Just go about your business.
  • If a bear is standing motionless or ignoring you, it is indicating that they just want to be left alone. As long as you don’t start toward them, the bear will leave you be.
  • Bears climb trees to show submission or seek safety. Mothers will often send their cubs up trees and sit beneath them when they encounter dangers. You’ve probably passed under a few bears hidden up in trees already. Just keep away from the tree and give the bears space and they’ll leave you alone. 
  • When a bear is spotted popping its jaw or huffing, it is a sign nervousness or apprehension. It’s a warning for you to back away and leave them alone.

Curious bears often stand up in order to get a better look. This act in inherently non aggressive.
For more information on safely encountering bears, visit the Colorado Parks and Wildlife website.

Friday, April 17, 2015

Botany Essentials for the 2015 Field Season

If you are out in the field already, or planning to go soon, make sure you have a copy of A Field Guide to Colorado’s Wetland Plants: Identification, Ecology, and Conservation.

If you are working in wetlands on Colorado's Eastern Slope, you can also order a copy of Common Wetland Plants of Colorado's Eastern Plains: A Field Guide. Check our website in September for the upcoming Wetland Field Guide App!

Jennifer Ackerfield, Collections Manager of the CSU Herbarium, has written a new flora for the state of Colorado. Pre-orders are now accepted at the JBRIT website.
Jennifer Ackerfield's new flora will help amateurs and professional botanists alike key out Colorado plant species like the Rocky Mountain blue columbine (Aquilegia saximontana). 

Friday, April 10, 2015

CNHP Staff Teach CSU Graduate Students Field Biology Skills

This week CNHP staff members, along with CSU professor Tara Teel, spent a day in the field with graduate students from the Conservation Leadership Through Learning Program. The CLTL is an innovative graduate program that teaches students how to confront conservation challenges and sustainability from a variety of perspectives. This year’s student cohorts are wrapping up their second semester at CSU, and will spend the last two semesters of their graduate work in either Belize or Africa.
Conservation Leadership Through Learning graduate students learn how to sample vegetation plots at Coyote Ridge Natural Area, Fort Collins.

Close-up of greater short-horned lizard at Coyote Ridge Natural Area.
CNHP staff members Pam Smith and Susan Panjabi, along with Director Dave Anderson and City of Fort Collins Natural Areas Department Botanist, taught CLTL students basic field biology skills at Pine Ridge and Coyote Ridge Natural Areas in Fort Collins. These included how to use a GPS to navigate to points, how to set up and survey different types of transects to study plants and animals. The students will use these field skills to design similar studies in Belize and Africa.
A CLTL graduate student holds a greater short-horned lizard.

Monday, March 30, 2015

The Celastrina Project:Building Future Conservation Biologists at CSU

CNHP just launched a crowdfunding campaign: The Celastrina Project! The goal of the Celastrina Project is to help Colorado State University students develop, execute, and present their own research on a rare Colorado plant, animal or ecosystem. Donations for the project will be used to pay stipends, field supplies, and travel costs for CSU students. Read more about the project, check out the Celastrina Project video, and how to donate by clicking here.

The idea for this project began in 2014, when CNHP sponsored the first Celastrina Project honors student to study the population ecology of the hops blue butterfly (Celastrina humulus), pictured above.

CSU undergraduate student Callie Puntenney presents results from her honor's thesis on hops blue butterfly population ecology.

Thursday, March 26, 2015

Gunnison Sage Grouse Conservation Easement in Dove Creek, CO

In 2006, CNHP collaborated with Colorado Parks and Wildlife biologist to create the Dove Creek Potential Conservation Area (PCA) in southwestern Colorado. This PCA was drawn to identify habitats that support one of the seven remaining populations of the federally listed Gunnison sage-grouse. As of 2014, this population (referred to as the Monticello-Dove Creek population) contains only 98 individuals, according to the final listingrule issued by U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Lek count data from 19 years of monitoring are generally well below the Rangewide Conservation Plan population target of 500 breeding birds.

In recent years, in an effort to reverse the population trend, Montezuma Land Conservancy has worked with private landowners to conserve important sage-grouse habitat with conservation easements.  Since 2012, the Conservancy has conserved 3,340 acres of occupied habitat for the Gunnison sage-grouse – 2,700 of which is located within the CNHP Dove Creek PCA. The most recent project protected approximately 680 acres of the Dove Creek PCA under a conservation easement. The property contains sagebrush habitats, as well as areas formerly used to grow dryland pinto bean crops which have been replanted into sage brush.  The conservation easement contains a total of 788 acres, and borders BLM land and the Coalbed Canyon State Wildlife Area.

Sagebrush habitats and former pinto bean cropland near Dove Creek, Colorado offer habitat for Gunnison sage-grouse, a species listed as threatened in 2014 by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.